Frequently Asked Question for imported formula for Oregon WIC participants

Shipments of infant formula are arriving from Australia and Europe as a part of Operation Fly Formula and will be on the shelves soon. This Frequently Asked Questions document is specific to the imported formulas available for WIC participants.

Which formulas are available to Oregon WIC participants from Operation Fly Formula?
The following formulas have been added as alternatives to Similac Advance:
• Kendamil Classic First Infant Milk Stage 1, 900 g/31.75 oz can
• Kendamil Organic First Infant Milk Stage 1, 800 g/28.2 oz can
• Bubs Organic Grass Fed Infant Formula Stage 1, 800g/28.2 oz can
The following formula has been added as an alternative to Similac Sensitive:
• Bubs Supreme A2 Beta-Casein Protein Infant Formula Stage 1, 800 g/28.2 oz can

How were the formulas selected?
The Food and Nutrition Service USDA granted a waiver under the Access to Baby Formula Act of 2022 allowing WIC State agencies to authorize and issue imported formulas. Imported formulas must meet the Food and Drug Administration and WIC requirements for infant formula. The imported formula must meet the following criteria to be approved:
• Manufacturers must be registered with the FDA
• Infant formula must be Iron fortified. The iron level must be at least 0.6mg/100mL
• Infant formula must have an energy level of at least 19 Calories/oz
Oregon WIC chose to participate in this waiver process to provide imported formula that met those standards.

I don’t know how to mix it. The instructions are in metric. What do I do?”
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has created an infographic with helpful information on mixing imported formulas, including conversions from metric to imperial measurements. This infographic is available here: The infographic is also attached to the June 10,
2022 Formula Update email.

Where will these formulas be sold?
We do not know for sure which stores will receive formulas imported through Operation Fly Formula at this time. WIC participants can purchase these formulas at any Oregon WIC authorized store that has them in stock. We have heard from Target that they will be getting the Kendamil Classic and Kendamil Organic formula. We will continue to share any updates from Oregon WIC vendors as we receive them.

When will these formulas be available to purchase?
We do not know for sure when these formulas will be available in Oregon WIC authorized stores. One estimate is that some formulas may have been imported on June 9, 2022. It will take several days or more to distribute to stores. The four formulas available for Oregon WIC participants were added to TWIST on
June 8, 2022. It typically takes 5-7 days from the date added to TWIST for products to be available for WIC participants to purchase with their eWIC cards once the formulas reach stores.

How do I know that these formulas are safe to feed my child?

Only formulas which met specific requirements by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) were allowed to be imported. The formulas selected to be made available for Oregon WIC participants have been reviewed by the FDA, the U.S. Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service, and Oregon WIC. Formulas that have been made available for Oregon WIC participants must meet the following criteria:
• Manufacturers must be registered with the FDA
• Infant formulas must be Iron fortified. The iron level must be at least 0.6mg/100ml
• Have an energy level of at least 19 Calories/oz

Will more formulas be added?
Oregon WIC will review the formulas available through Operation Fly Formula and approved for the FDA/USDA waiver for WIC programs when they become available. We will continue to update Oregon WIC vendors, local agencies, and participants. The Temporary Replacements to Powder Formula document available in the WICShopper App and on our website will be updated as changes are made.

What can parents do when infant formula is hard to find?

In light of current infant formula shortages, we want to provide information and resources for parents and caregivers of infants who use infant formula.

Never dilute formula. Diluting infant formula with water or other liquids can be dangerous and even life-threatening for babies, leading to a serious nutritional deficit and health issues.

Avoid homemade formula: Homemade formulas often lack or have inadequate amounts of critical nutrients. For example, babies fed homemade infant formula have been hospitalized due to hypocalcemia (low calcium).

Use of substitute formulas is OK: For most babies, if their regular brand of formula is not currently available, it is OK to substitute with a similar version. If families have questions about which formula is acceptable, or if they are still having difficulty finding formula, they should contact their child’s pediatric provider or WIC clinic.

Talk to your doctor: Families should consult their pediatrician if their babies or children require a specialized formula and need a recommendation for a comparable formula to use. Providers can also submit an urgent request for specialized formula to Abbott, a primary formula manufacturer. Abbott is releasing some specialty and metabolic formulas on a case-by-case basis.

Providers can contact Abbott: Healthcare providers who provide care for children in critical need of a particular specialty formula should contact Abbott directly to request the product by calling 1-800-881-0876 or visiting their formula information and product request form.

To help ease the impact of the shortages, the American Academy of Pediatrics advises buying no more than a 10-day to 2-week supply of formula. If you’re unable to find formula on store shelves,

  • check smaller stores and drug stores, which sometimes have supply when larger stores run out.
  • Buy formula online. Purchase from well-recognized distributors and pharmacies rather than individually sold or auction sites.
  • For most babies, it is OK to switch to any available formula, including store brands, unless your baby is on a specific extensively hydrolyzed or amino acid-based formula such as Elecare. Ask your pediatrician about recommended specialty formula alternatives for your baby.
  • Check social media groups. There are groups dedicated to infant feeding and formula, and members may have ideas for where to find formula. Make sure to check any advice with your pediatrician.

Is it OK to put more water in baby formula?

No. While it may be tempting to water down formula to stretch it out, it is not safe to do that. Always follow label instructions or those given to you by your pediatrician. Watering down formula is dangerous. It can cause nutritional imbalances in your baby and lead to serious health problems. Always mix formula as directed by the manufacturer.

Can I make my own baby formula?

The AAP strongly advises against homemade formula. Although recipes for homemade formulas may seem healthy or less expensive, they are not safe and do not meet your baby’s nutritional needs. Infant deaths have been reported from use of some homemade formulas.

What should I know about imported baby formula?

The FDA is considering accelerated approval of certain imported formulas. Many sold in Europe, for example, contain adequate nutrients, but must be imported in a way that maintains temperature and other safety issues. That’s why FDA oversight is critical.

Can toddler formula substitute for infant formula?

Toddler formulas are not recommended for infants. However, if you absolutely have no other choice, toddler formula is safe for a few days for babies who are close to a year of age.

Can I give my full-term baby premature formula?

Formulas designed for babies who were born premature (and have “catch-up” growth to do) can safely be used for a few weeks to feed full-term babies if nothing else is available.

Is cow’s milk a safe alternative to baby formula?

If your child is older than 6 months and is usually on regular formula (not a specialty product for allergies or other health needs), this may be an option. In a pinch,  you could feed them whole cow’s milk for a brief period of time until the shortage is better. This is not ideal and should not become routine. However, it is a better option than diluting formula or making homemade formula. Although we don’t have a specific amount of cow milk that infants 6-12 months should drink in this situation, follow the limits of no more than 24 ounces a day for children over a year of age. Recommended Drinks for Children Age 5 and Younger.”

The most important concern with giving an infant over 6 months of age cow’s milk if you can’t find baby formula is making sure they get enough iron to prevent anemia. Be sure to include plenty of iron-containing solid foods in their diet while you are using whole cow’s milk. You may also talk with your pediatrician about giving your baby an iron supplement until you can find formula again.

What about feeding my baby goat’s milk?

Goat’s milk is not approved for babies in the United States. However, there are goat milk-based baby formulas registered in other countries that may be among those considered for accelerated import approval by the FDA.

Can I use plant-based milk instead of baby formula if needed?

Milk alternatives are not recommended for babies under a year of age or infants with certain medical conditions requiring specialized formulas. Soy milk may be an option to give babies who are close to a year of age for a few days in an emergency, but always buy the kind that is fortified with protein and calcium. Make sure to change back to formula as soon as some is available. Be especially careful to avoid almond milk or other plant milks as these are often low in protein and minerals.

What is the shelf life of baby formula?

Check the “use by” date on infant formula, which is required by FDA regulations to be on each container. Until that declared date, the formula will contain no less than the amount of each nutrient on the product label and will otherwise be of acceptable quality.


Don’t hesitate to talk with your pediatrician if you have any concerns you have about your baby’s health and nutrition. If your child has special health needs, be sure to check with their doctor about medically appropriate and safe feeding alternatives.

More information

The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine has also issued a statement on the shortage of infant formula. You can read it here.